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Phalaenopsis is the most common orchid variety and is best suited for home growing.
All the beauty of a plant is in its flowering. They attract the eye and leave no one indifferent - about 20 delicate buds on a thin stem. This happy period lasts about two months, and is preceded by a long rest period, and then, the period of the formation of an arrow, on which buds of future flowers are tied.
What it is?
Peduncle is a process arising between leaf rosettes. The new shoot, from the very beginning, has buds that look like scales. Over time, a neoplasm with buds will develop into a sturdy stem with several dozen buds. It strives upward and resembles an ear of corn by the arrangement of flowers on it.
What it looks like: description and photo
The peduncle is a stalk rough to the touch, with small mounds (in the place of bud formation), sharp at the end. It arises either from the axils of the leaves, or on an old, pruned, faded stalk, from an awaiting bud. In this case, the shoot grows sideways and will not bloom as abundantly as a fresh peduncle.
How to distinguish from the root and other parts?
Inexperienced breeders often confuse the peduncle with fresh roots or babies. Orchid is an epiphyte with aerial roots that resemble small green worms, so it is so easy to confuse them with a peduncle. The spine is smooth and rounded at the end, which distinguishes it from the arrow. The baby, when formed, changes shape and becomes like a boat and leaves the root zone, and not from the leaf sinus.
The importance of the timely release of the flower arrow can hardly be overestimated, since the exoticism of the plant and the external charm are not in the leaves, but in flowers that resemble fluttering butterflies. By the intensity of the growth and development of the peduncle, you can easily determine the correct organization of care, sufficiency of lighting and nutrients, general health.
Features of crop care during the formation of this shoot
The main rules of care at different periods of a plant's life are unchanged, but there are some actions, the frequency of which should be reduced or canceled altogether:
- Reducing the number of waterings. If earlier it was watered 1-2 times a week, now it is 3-4 times a month. We spray with care, avoiding hitting the arrow. A simple action will help to avoid drying out of the substrate, or vice versa, an excess of moisture. Feel the soil with your fingertip. It should be slightly damp.
- We cancel feeding. After the peduncle emerges, we stop fertilizing. An excess of minerals will shorten the bud formation time, which will lead to a decrease in bud formation.
- We provide additional lighting. For trouble-free formation of the arrow, the plant must receive a dose of daylight for at least 10 hours a day. In winter, when the daylight hours are short, we light it up with a lamp and transfer it to the south side to the window.
- We save from hypothermia. The optimum temperature for growth is +25 degrees. If the night temperature drops to +16, the peduncle may dry out.
How fast does it grow in size?
Growth depends on the following factors:
- From the view. The growth of a flower arrow in an ordinary phalaenopsis takes about 2 months, and in a hybrid it increases by 30 days. This is the time from the appearance of the embryo to the adult stem with buds.
- From the conditions of detention. They must correspond to the indicators indicated above.
- From the number of peduncles on the plant. If he is alone, then development proceeds faster than when there are several of them and his appearance is stronger and healthier.
- From its location. The lateral process goes through the growth phase faster (about 2 weeks earlier).
How many flower shoots are there usually?
A young plant usually fires one arrow. An older flower, which has 6-8 leaves, is capable of developing two, rarely three peduncles.
A couple of flowering stems grown in our latitudes are a very good result. An excessive desire to make the plant bloom more abundantly, leads to its depletion and it will take more time to recover in the future.
Step by step instructions: how to grow?
It will be possible to make sure that this is exactly the stalk of the peduncle when it grows up to 10 cm and takes shape. After that, fix it in an upright position and continue to care, following the recommendations given earlier. This is necessary to obtain an even and beautiful stem. To fix the peduncle is recommended in the following ways:
- Fasten it to a support placed in a pot. With the help of a special clothespin, bought in a store or made from fishing line, an elastic for hair.
- Without support. The peduncle reaches for the light source. Rotate the container with the plant, thereby setting the direction of growth.
Video on how you can fix an orchid peduncle:
What to do in case of different problems?
Grows from a point of growth
It happens in a plant that has had many flowering cycles or has undergone stress (a sharp change in conditions of detention). Provide the flower with full care and after a short time, the peduncle will delight you with flowering.
A young shoot is fragile and can break if used carelessly. Do not try to grow it again, but carefully cut it off, dust the cut area with activated charcoal or cinnamon powder. Make a cut next to the nearest kidney. After a while, a new shoot will form.
Not for a long time
It is very disappointing when a plant does not please us with its flowering. To shake it up and provoke it to grow the peduncle, the following actions will help:
- Move the pot to a dark place.
- Reduce but do not stop watering.
- Reduce the night temperature by five degrees.
Activities for removing a flower from hibernation should not be long. Seven days will be sufficient.
Such a nuisance comes out if the plant feels a lack of light, heat, moisture, or is infected. Examine it and change the growing conditions or treat it if necessary. In order for the flower to have enough strength for flowering, it is necessary to fertilize with minerals or change the soil mixture.
What to do after flowering?
It will be clear to leave or remove the peduncle after inspection:
- If the stem is dry, cut it off at the base.
- A green peduncle, but with a dried out point of growth, is pruned, slightly higher than the first living bud.
- The green peduncle, without signs of drying, is left unchanged. After a dormant period, flowering buds will reappear on it.
It is not difficult to grow a beautiful and healthy peduncle. You need to know the basic rules of care, inspect daily and act promptly if problems arise. With an irresistible desire to decorate your home with an orchid, it is better to choose phalaenopsis. This is an unpretentious look that is less of a hassle for a beginner. Its appearance makes it easy to tell when help is needed.
Experiment with its location in the house, and the orchid will happily respond to your concern and will thank you with exuberant flowering, several peduncles at once. After the first success, you will definitely have a desire to acquire new specimens of orchids, other flowers and shapes, because it is even more interesting to grow more exotic species.
A video on how you can stimulate an orchid to release a peduncle, as well as how to distinguish it from the roots: