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Pelargonium belongs to the Geraniev family. A perennial ornamental plant has flowers of rich pink, red, purple or white flowers.
With the correct selection of soil and regular care, the indoor flower will grow normally, develop and bloom.
In this article, we will consider which soil and pot are best used for planting pelargonium.
The importance of proper soil
The selection of the correct soil for pelargonium is an important condition for plant growth, since it is from this soil that the plant receives 90% of its nutrients.
Therefore, the optimal composition of the soil should be selected for the plant, which will satisfy all its needs without slowing down development.
Soil for a flower
It is best to use loose soil for pelargonium., which has a high level of water and air permeability. For planting, soil with a neutral or slightly acidic pH (ranging from 5.5 to 6.5) is suitable.
If the soil for the plant will be purchased in a specialized store, then the pH level is indicated on the package.
But in case the acidity is not indicated or the soil will be collected by the gardener independently from various components, it is recommended to purchase a special kit for determining the acidity of the soil in the gardener's store. It consists of test strips based on litmus paper, which is capable of changing color when the acidity level of the soil changes.
Soil composition: what does it consist of, what kind of land to take?
For pelargonium, the following soil should be used:
- turf and leafy land;
- peat (or sand / perlite / vermiculite).
To increase the air permeability of the soil, it is also recommended to add sphagnum moss or soil with the addition of coconut fibers to it. To prevent decay of plant roots crushed coal can also be added to the soil.
Since young plants need a lighter and more breathable soil than adult flowers with a developed root system, it is recommended to add more moss or coconut fibers to the soil to loosen it.
How to prepare?
In the soil for planting pelargonium, purchased at the store, you will need to add chopped moss or humus, as well as peat to maintain moisture.
If the soil is prepared independently, then it preparation should be carried out as follows:
- A neutral or slightly acidic substrate is made up of equal parts:
- turf and leafy land;
- or sand / perlite / vermiculite.
Also, a small amount of charcoal is introduced into the soil (about 20–25 g per 1 kg of soil). It is recommended to disinfect the earthen composition before use, for example, spill it with boiling water or bake it in the oven. After the ground spilled with boiling water has cooled, it must be dried to a wet state and loosened.
If the earth was calcined, then it must be allowed to cool to room temperature, watered and then loosened well.
- Drainage is added to the soil for pelargonium, which can be:
- or small stones.
The first three components can be mixed directly into the soil, and it is better to put the stones on the bottom of the pot, in a layer of 1–2 cm.
- The soil for pelargonium is fertilized in moderation, since a well-fertilized soil contributes to the growth of foliage on the plant. Plant feeding should be carried out once every three months using a purchased liquid fertilizer or self-made fertilizing (add 1 drop of iodine to 1 liter of water).
In winter, no top dressing is added. It is also recommended to fertilize pelargonium at the beginning of its flowering with top dressing with a high phosphorus content.
Pelargonium cannot be fertilized with organic fertilizing, since they often cause rotting of the root system in the Geranium family.
Which commercial substrate is suitable?
When choosing a soil for pelargonium, you should give your preference to a highly specialized substrate for geranium. If it is not possible to acquire this type of soil, then you can use a high quality universal soil or soil for violets. In this case, the soil should have an optimal composition and acidity level for planting pelargonium.
On the Russian market Several soil names can be recommended that are suitable for pelargonium:
- Soil for the Geraniev family:
- Nutritious soil "Garden of Miracles" Geranium - consisting of vermicompost, peat and mineral complex, cost - 38 rubles for 2.5 liters.
- Soil "ASB Greenworld" for geraniums and balcony flowers - high-moor peat, low peat, crushed limestone, alumina, microelements, cost - 399 rubles for 18 liters.
- Nutrient soil "For geraniums and fuchsias" BIO - in the composition of lowland sphagnum, horse sphagnum, dolomite flour, sand, agroperlite / vermiculite, complex mineral fertilizers with microelements, cost - 27 rubles for 2.5 liters.
- Universal primer:
- Soil "Hera Keva Bioterra" is universal - it contains a mixture of peat of varying degrees of decomposition, vermicompost, sand, humic fertilizer "FlorHumat", vermiculite / agroperlite, lime flour, cost - 45 rubles per 5 liters.
- Soil GreenUP "Saintpaulia" - includes high-moor peat, low-lying peat, sand, perlite, drainage, limestone flour and complex mineral fertilizers, cost - 85 rubles per 5 liters.
- Soil for violets... Soil "Fasco" for violets "Flower Happiness" - includes low peat, high moor peat, sand, dolomite flour, complex fertilizer with microelements, cost - 44 rubles per 2.5 liters.
What kind of pot you need: material, shape and size
The appearance and flowering period of pelargonium depend on the choice of capacity.
The following requirements are imposed on it:
- Pot material... A ceramic pot is most suitable for pelargonium, as it is able to retain moisture in the soil at an optimal level and prevent overheating of the plant roots.
A plastic pot can also be used to plant a flower, but the soil will dry out faster in it, so drainage material should be used to trap moisture. The pot at the bottom should be equipped with a drain to drain off excess water.
- Pot size... Pelargonium is grown both in pots and in boxes. The selection of a suitable container in size is carried out depending on the size of the root system of the seedling. For an adult plant, a pot with a diameter of 10 to 15 cm is required.When transplanting, the diameter of the container should be increased by 2-3 cm.
The height of the pot should be about 12-15 cm.If boxes are used for planting, then the distance between the bushes should be at least 20 cm.
Pelargonium blooms only when the roots in the pot become cramped, therefore, when transplanting a flower into a larger pot in diameter, flowering should be expected only after the roots have grown to the entire volume of the new container.
- Tank shape... For pots it is recommended - a round shape, for boxes - round or rectangular, but with rounded edges.
We offer you to watch a video about the selection of a pot for geraniums:
The selection of soil and containers for growing pelargonium is not difficult and depends on compliance with a number of rules and requirements, thanks to which the plant will ensure the processes of normal growth, development and flowering.
We offer you to watch a video about preparing soil for geraniums: